Home> Bathroom Cleaning

Bathroom Cleaning: Essential Tips for a Spotless, Healthy Space

November 9, 2023

Master the art of bathroom cleaning with our comprehensive guide. Discover the best techniques, products, and daily habits to maintain a clean and hygienic bathroom.

How To Clean Curtains And Drapes For Spotless Window Treatments

How To Clean Curtains And Drapes For Spotless Window Treatments

By: Oliver Mitchell • 70 Bedroom Storage Products For A Relaxing Space

Read More
10 Everyday Bathroom Items You Should Clean Or Throw Out ASAP

10 Everyday Bathroom Items You Should Clean Or Throw Out ASAP

By: Emily Roberts • 50 Best Bathroom Storage Ideas Of All Time

Read More
How To Clean A Toilet For A Pristine Bathroom

How To Clean A Toilet For A Pristine Bathroom

By: Sophia Turner • 50 Best Bathroom Storage Ideas Of All Time

Read More
The Ultimate Bathroom Cleaning Checklist

The Ultimate Bathroom Cleaning Checklist

By: Oliver Mitchell • 50 Best Bathroom Storage Ideas Of All Time

Read More
How To Clean Brick Pavers For An Outdoor Space That Looks Like New
7 Ways To Clean Your Bathroom With Bleach

7 Ways To Clean Your Bathroom With Bleach

By: Benjamin Parker • 50 Best Bathroom Storage Ideas Of All Time

Read More

Introduction to Bathroom Cleaning

Cleaning the bathroom is an essential part of maintaining a healthy and comfortable home. It is a task that involves regular attention and the correct use of cleaning products and techniques. The bathroom is an area in your home that is used every day and, as such, can collect a great deal of grime, bacteria, and hard water deposits.

Understanding the process of bathroom cleaning involves knowledge of the correct cleaning products for different surfaces, the frequency of cleaning tasks, and the methods to conserve the physical appearance and hygiene of bathroom fittings, tiles, and fixtures. Furthermore, it is also crucial to have a set of effective and durable cleaning tools like scrubbing brushes, gloves, microfiber cloths, and sponges for a comprehensive clean.

Basic Techniques in Bathroom Cleaning

Effective bathroom cleaning involves techniques such as scrubbing, wiping, mopping, and rinsing. Scrubbing effectively removes dirt and stains, while wiping and mopping help clean up loosened grime and soap scum. Rinsing ensures any remaining particles and cleaning product residue are washed away.

Key Takeaways:

  • Say goodbye to stubborn rust stains on your porcelain sink with natural remedies like vinegar, lemon juice, and baking soda paste. Patience and persistence are key to restoring your sink’s pristine condition.
  • For more challenging rust stains, opt for commercial rust removers designed for porcelain surfaces. Follow safety guidelines, scrub gently, and rinse thoroughly to effectively restore your sink’s original beauty.

Benefits of a Clean Bathroom

A clean bathroom doesn’t just look good – it’s crucial for the health and well-being of your household. Germs can easily spread in a bathroom environment, leading to infections and illnesses. Regular cleaning can eliminate these germs and prevent the spreading of diseases.

Moreover, maintaining a clean bathroom enhances the visual appeal of the space. Nobody wants to use a dirty or grimy bathroom. A clean, fresh bathroom can be a sanctuary where you can relax and rejuvenate. Furthermore, keeping your bathroom in good shape can help maintain its functionality. Regular cleaning can prevent the buildup of grime and mineral deposits that can cause plumbing issues if left unchecked.

Improved Air Quality

Cleaning the bathroom regularly also improves the quality of air within the space. Bathrooms can quickly become damp and musty between the steam from hot showers and potential plumbing leaks, creating an ideal environment for mold and mildew. Regular cleaning can prevent this, leading to a fresher and healthier air quality in your bathroom.

Daily Bathroom Cleaning Tasks

On a daily basis, simple cleaning tasks can go a long way in maintaining a clean bathroom. For example, always remember to flush the toilet after use to remove waste and prevent unpleasant smells. Additionally, keeping surfaces dry can prevent the growth of mold and mildew. This includes drying off countertops, sinks, and shower walls after use.

Shower curtains or doors should also be kept dry after use to prevent the buildup of mildew. Spreading out the curtain or leaving the shower door open allows it to air dry and helps prevent the growth of mold and mildew.

Routine Wipe Downs

A quick wipe down of bathroom surfaces with a microfiber cloth and a multi-purpose cleaner can help maintain cleanliness between more intensive weekly cleans. Paying attention to faucet handles, doorknobs, and light switches, places that come into frequent contact with hands, can help prevent the spread of bacteria.

Weekly Bathroom Cleaning Tasks

Dedicated weekly bathroom cleaning tasks are aimed at removing accumulated dirt and bacteria that are not attended to during the daily cleaning routine. They involve detailed scrubbing and disinfection of regions within the bathroom that experience heavy use.

Scrub the bathtub and the shower area to remove soap scum, hard water stains, and any developing mildew. Special attention should be given to the joints and crevices of the bathtub or shower, where grime can build-up unnoticed.

Weekly cleaning also involves a thorough cleaning of the toilet bowl, rim, seat, and lid. A toilet brush and cleaner should be used to scrub away at any stains, mineral deposits, or buildup in the bowl. Additionally, a disinfectant cleaner or wipes should be used to wipe down the toilet seat and lid.

Lastly, washing bathroom rugs and towels on a weekly basis is crucial. Given the damp and warm environment, these items can harbour bacteria and mold, causing odors and risking hygiene.

Monthly Bathroom Cleaning Tasks

Monthly cleaning tasks form part of deep-cleaning the bathroom, and aim to maintain its functionality. The primary objective is to prevent long-term damage to the bathroom fixtures or fittings due to mineral deposits or blockages.

Cleaning out drains on a monthly basis is essential in maintaining the smooth operation of bathroom plumbing. Hair and soap residue often get trapped in the drain pipes, creating slow drains and potential clogs. Routine cleaning can keep them working effectively and prevent costly repairs.

Trash bins may accumulate germs and unpleasant odors. Monthly cleaning and disinfection will help maintain hygiene and freshness in the bathroom environment.

Finally, bathroom accessories such as toothbrush holders, soap dispensers, and towel racks need to be wiped and disinfected. This helps maintain the aesthetics of the bathroom while preventing the buildup of germs and grime.

Bathroom Cleaning Supplies

Effective bathroom cleaning requires the use of the appropriate cleaning supplies. This includes a variety of cleaning agents for different surfaces and purposes and cleaning tools like scrub brushes, microfiber cloths, and sponges.

A toilet bowl cleaner, an all-purpose cleaner, and a tub, tile, and sink cleaner form the basic set of cleaning agents needed for a typical bathroom cleaning routine. However, using non-toxic cleaners is crucial for protecting family health and the environment. Ingredients to avoid include bleach, ammonia, and phosphates, which can cause irritation and harm aquatic life when washed down the drain.

Cleaning tools like scrub brushes are essential for removing stains and grime from the toilet and tub, while microfiber cloths are excellent for wiping down surfaces. A squeegee is helpful for keeping shower doors and walls free of water marks and soap scum.

Proper storage is important for bathroom cleaning supplies. Many cleaning solutions require a cool, dry place to ensure their effectiveness isn’t compromised. Moreover, safe storage out of the reach of children is vital to prevent any accidents.

Eco-friendly Bathroom Cleaning Tips

Going green while cleaning your bathroom not only benefits the environment but it’s often safer for your health. Many conventional cleaning products contain harsh chemicals that can cause skin and respiratory irritation whereas eco-friendly alternatives avoid such risks.

For an all-purpose cleaner, try using vinegar and baking soda. It’s perfect for cleaning mirrors, windows, toilet bowls, drains, and most hard surfaces. Spray vinegar onto the surface and sprinkle baking soda on top of it. Let it sit for 15 minutes then scrub and rinse it off. Be careful not to use this cleaner on marble or other porous stone surfaces as the acid can damage it.

Another eco-friendly cleaning method is steam cleaning. Steam cleaners use only water and heat to sanitize surfaces, making it one of the safest and most environment-friendly cleaning methods.

Additionally, making homemade bathroom cleaners gives you control over the ingredients used and reduces the amount of plastic waste generated from purchasing new bottles of cleaner. Common household ingredients such as lemon, vinegar, and baking soda can create powerful and effective cleaners.

Cleaning Bathroom Walls

Bathroom walls often get overlooked during cleaning, yet they gather soap scum, dust, and water marks, especially nearest the tub or shower. To clean them, you require a gentle touch to avoid damaging their finish, whether they are painted, tiled, or wallpapered.

Bathroom mildew often appears on the wall due to moisture. A solution of 1 part bleach to 3 parts water can eliminate these patches. Just spray it on, wait a few minutes, then wipe and rinse.

To clean painted or wallpapered walls, use a soft sponge and a solution of warm water and mild dish soap. Don’t oversaturate the sponge as it might damage the finish, particularly on wallpaper. Rinse the wall with clean water afterwards.

Maintaining wall cleanliness is as crucial as cleaning itself. Using a good quality bathroom fan can help reduce wall moisture and consequently the accumulation of mildew and grime.

Cleaning Bathroom Floors

Bathroom floors see a lot of use and, consequently, a lot of grime. Floor cleaning methods can differ based on the type of floor surface.

For tiled floors, mop with warm water mixed with a small amount of mild dish soap. For stubborn grime, use a soft-bristle scrub brush. If your bathroom is carpeted, vacuum weekly and clean up spills immediately to prevent staining.

Whether you clean manually or with a mop, always sweep or vacuum first to remove loose hair and dirt. Also, ensure to rinse the mop frequently while you’re washing the floor to prevent the grime from spreading around.

To prevent a buildup of dirt, wipe up water spills immediately, place a doormat at the bathroom entrance and keep a grout sealer applied to tiled floors.

Cleaning Porcelain Fixtures

Porcelain fixtures such as sinks, bathtubs, and toilets can lose their shine over time due to constant exposure to water, soap scum, and grime. However, with consistent and careful maintenance, you can keep these fixtures in pristine condition.

Always use gentle cleaners for porcelain as abrasive cleaners can leave tiny scratches on the surface over time. Use a non-abrasive cleaner or a homemade solution of vinegar and water for routine cleaning. Spray the solution lightly on the surface and allow it to sit for a few minutes before wiping it down with a soft, damp cloth.

For stubborn stains or hard water scale, you may need to use a specialty porcelain cleaner. Remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the product sparingly to avoid damaging the fixture.

Regular maintenance, including daily rinsing and weekly cleaning of your porcelain fixtures, can prevent the buildup of dirt and make your deep-cleaning tasks easier.

Cleaning Glass Surfaces

Glass surfaces, like mirrors and shower doors, tend to accumulate streaks, smudges, and water spots. Cleaning these surfaces requires a little patience and the right tools.

One hack to clean mirrors is to use black tea. Brew a strong pot, allow it to cool, and then use it to clean your mirrors with a soft cloth. The natural tannin in tea cuts through grime and leaves glass shiny.

Shower doors often suffer from soap scum buildup. A good old mixture of vinegar and dish soap can do wonders here. Heat a cup of vinegar, mix in an equal amount of dish soap, spray onto the doors, wait for a few minutes then scrub and rinse off.

To maintain the cleanliness of your glass surfaces, wipe them down after each use. This prevents streaks and spots from drying onto the surface, reducing your cleaning work in the long run.

Cleaning Bathroom Tiles

Keeping bathroom tiles clean can be a challenging task, especially when dealing with stubborn grime or hard water stains. Tiles demand care not just on the surface, but also on the grout that holds them together.

For cleaning tiles, you can use a mixture of vinegar and water, or baking soda for harder stains. Apply this mixture onto the tiles, scrub gently using a stiff nylon brush, then rinse off thoroughly.

Efflorescence, a white powdery residue, can form on tiles if water gets behind them. To remove efflorescence, you can use a specialty tile and grout cleaner available in the market or a homemade vinegar solution.

The grout, being porous, tends to harbor moisture and bacteria, and discolors over time. It may be cleaned with a mixture of baking soda and water applied with a toothbrush. In case of severe staining, consider using a grout pen or calling in professionals.

DIY Bathroom Air Fresheners

Keeping your bathroom smelling fresh goes hand in hand with keeping it clean. While there are numerous commercial air fresheners available, they can sometimes contain chemicals or fragrances that might cause discomfort for some individuals. An alternative option is to make your own natural DIY bathroom air fresheners.

A simple and natural air freshener can be made by combining baking soda and a few drops of your favourite essential oil in a small glass jar. Punch a few holes in the lid to allow the scent to disperse throughout the bathroom. Replace the mixture every month or as necessary.

Another quick trick involves applying a few drops of essential oil inside the toilet paper roll. Each time the roll spins, it will release a subtle fresh aroma in the bathroom.

While these tips can help your bathroom smell good, remember that proper ventilation is the key in preventing the buildup of unwanted and stale odors in the first place.

Essential Oils for Bathroom Cleaning

Essential oils are known for their therapeutic properties, but they can also be powerful allies in your bathroom cleaning routine thanks to their antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial properties.

Tea tree oil, for instance, can be used to combat mold and mildew. Mix a few drops with water and spray it on trouble areas. The earthy smell is also beneficial for neutralizing odors.

Lavender oil has potent antifungal properties that make it suitable for cleaning and freshening your bathroom. You can also mix it with baking soda to create your own bathroom scrub.

Peppermint oil not only has a refreshing scent but can also deter pests like ants and spiders. A few drops can be mixed with water and white vinegar to create a multipurpose cleaning spray.

Remember, essential oils are potent; a little goes a long way. Always dilute them before use.

Cleaning Bathroom Vents

Bathroom vents play a crucial role in ventilating the damp air from your bathroom and preventing the growth of mold and mildew. Over time, they can collect dust and become noisy, causing them to operate less efficiently.

Start the cleaning process by turning off the electricity. Use a vacuum with a brush attachment to remove loose dust from the vent cover and within the vent. For further cleaning, remove the cover using a screwdriver and wash it with soap and water.

After that, use a damp cloth to wipe down the fan blades. Use a dry cloth to remove any remaining moisture before replacing the cover.

Always remember to be extremely careful when working around electrical appliances, particularly in damp areas like bathrooms. If your vent is still not operating correctly after cleaning, consider reaching out to a professional.

Maintaining Bathroom Drains

Bathroom drains, whether in the sink or the bathtub, are highly susceptible to clogs due to the accumulation of hair, soap scum, and dirt. Regular maintenance is key to prevent blockages and ensure the smooth functioning of your drainage system.

One preventive measure involves the use of a drain gate or screen to catch hair and other particles. Also, making a habit of removing hair and debris from these screens will make a significant difference in keeping your drains clear.

For periodic cleaning, pour a mixture of baking soda and vinegar down your drain, let it sit for about 15 minutes and then rinse with boiling water. You can also use a drain snake or a drain millipede to extract any build-up lodged deeply in the drain.

Professional Help Considerations

If your drain is persistently slow or clogged despite your maintenance efforts, it may be time to consult a professional plumber. They possess the necessary tools and expertise to address complex drain issues and can provide guidance on how to prevent future problems.

Cleaning Bathroom Cabinets

Cabinets in our bathrooms serve as storage for numerous items – from toiletries and grooming tools to medicines and cleaning supplies. However, they often become a neglected area in our regular cleaning routines.

Begin cleaning your bathroom cabinets by emptying them and discarding any expired products or items you no longer use. Use a vacuum to remove dust and then wipe down the shelves, drawers, and doors with a damp cloth and a mild cleaner. Make sure to thoroughly dry everything as moisture can damage your cabinetry over time.

Organizing your cabinets can also help maintain their cleanliness. Consider using drawer dividers or baskets to categorize your items and keep them in place. Remember, the less clutter you have, the easier it is to clean and maintain.

Deep Cleaning of Bathroom

While daily and weekly cleaning routines are essential for bathroom upkeep, a thorough deep cleaning every few months can get to those areas often overlooked in standard cleaning.

Deep cleaning may involve washing the shower curtains, cleaning the inside of cabinets and drawers, scrubbing tiles and grout lines, or disinfecting trash bins. Remember also to pay attention to less obvious areas like light fixtures, vents, and behind the toilet.

Create a checklist to guide your deep cleaning process and ensure no area is left untouched. To make this task less daunting, consider splitting the job over several days.

Post-Cleaning Care

After deep cleaning your bathroom, take steps to maintain its cleanliness. Promptly address spills or stains, ventilate your bathroom well to prevent mildew growth, and stay consistent with your daily and weekly cleaning routines. These simple habits will make your next deep cleaning task significantly less demanding.

Toilet Cleaning

One of the key aspects of bathroom cleaning is maintaining a clean and sanitary toilet. This not only ensures the hygiene of your bathroom but also helps to keep unpleasant odors at bay.

Begin with cleaning the exterior of the toilet. Use a disinfectant cleaner and a soft cloth to wipe down the toilet tank, lid, seat, base, and the handle. Don’t forget to clean the area behind the toilet where dust often accumulates.

As for the toilet bowl, specialized toilet bowl cleaners with disinfecting properties are the best choice. They often come with an angled nozzle that allows easy access under the rim where stains often lurk. Apply the cleaner and let it sit for a few minutes before scrubbing with a toilet brush. Flush to rinse.

Professional Toilet Cleaning Services

For those with a busy schedule or if your toilet has stubborn stains that you cannot remove, professional toilet cleaning services can be a lifesaver. These services have all the required tools, cleaning agents, and techniques to efficiently clean your toilet and entire bathroom. Always evaluate the cost-effectiveness, experience, and customer reviews before hiring a professional service.

Use a mixture of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide to create a paste. Apply the paste to the rust stains and let it sit for 15-20 minutes before scrubbing with a soft brush. Rinse thoroughly.

Green Bathroom Cleaning Products

Green bathroom cleaning products are those that are environmentally friendly and devoid of harsh chemicals. These cleaners are a great alternative to traditional cleaning products that may contain harmful chemical ingredients that could pose a risk to your health and the environment.

Green Seal Certification or other applicable certifications can help identify legitimate green cleaning products. These certifications ensure the products meet certain sustainability and safety parameters.

Some popular and effective green bathroom cleaning products include brands like Seventh Generation, Method, and Ecover. Alternatively, you can also make your DIY cleaning solutions using natural substances like vinegar, baking soda, and essential oils.

Bathroom Cleaning Mistakes to Avoid

We all desire to keep our bathrooms spotless, but certain cleaning habits may lead to more harm than good. First, avoid overusing chemical cleaners. These can cause discoloration and damage to bathroom surfaces over time.

Also, never ignore small parts of your bathroom such as faucets, handles, knobs, or light switches – commonly referred to as touch points. Germs often lurk on these surfaces, so regular disinfection is necessary.

Neglecting to dry bathroom surfaces after cleaning is another mistake to avoid. Remaining moisture can foster mold and mildew growth. After cleaning, always wipe down surfaces or ventilate your bathroom to expedite the drying process.

Efficient Cleaning Techniques

Efficient cleaning techniques not only ensure the thorough cleanliness of your bathroom but also optimizes the time and effort you put into the task. Starting from the top and working your way to the bottom prevents the redistribution of grime and bacteria. This means starting with cleaning light fixtures and fans, then moving onto wall surfaces and finally, cleaning the floors.

Dry to wet cleaning is another popular method. Start by dusting surfaces before you use any cleaning solutions. This helps to eliminate surface dirt and makes scrubbing with cleaners more effective.

Aside from these, make sure to incorporate spot cleaning in your routine. It allows you to address stains and spills immediately, preventing them from setting in and becoming more difficult to remove later.

Cleaning Light Fixtures & Fans

Light fixtures and fans often get overlooked during regular cleaning but they can harbor a surprising amount of dust and grime. Before cleaning, make sure to turn off any electricity connected to the fixtures. Use a microfiber duster or a soft cloth to dust off light fixtures and fan blades. If there are stubborn spots, use a mild cleaner and carefully wipe the area.

Depending on the design, some light fixtures can be removed and washed with warm soapy water. Make sure to follow manufacturer instructions on this. Regular cleaning of light fixtures and fans not only contributes to a cleaner bathroom but also helps your bathroom lighting appear brighter and your exhaust fan function more efficiently.

Shower Curtain & Liner Cleaning

The shower curtain is potentially a prime spot for the build-up of mildew and soap residue. To clean, start by removing any loose hair and dust particles. Measure the level of dirt; if it’s mild, the curtain can be cleaned while still hanging by scrubbing with a brush and a suitable cleaner.

For a more thorough clean, you can usually machine-wash your shower curtain and liner. Make sure to check the washing instructions on your curtain and liner first. Avoid using harsh detergents and do not tumble dry; instead, hang them out in fresh air to dry.

Preventing future mold build-up can be as simple as ensuring the shower curtain is fully extended after use to promote drying, and using the exhaust fan during and after showers to reduce moisture in the bathroom.

Training Children in Bathroom Cleaning

Teaching children to clean a bathroom is a great way to instill a sense of responsibility and maturity. Start by showing them what needs to be done, then supervise them until they understand the tasks. Make bathroom cleaning a part of their regular chores. Always ensure they understand the importance of cleanliness and hygiene, both for their personal health and the health of those around them.

For younger children, simple tasks, such as flushing the toilet after use, washing their hands properly, and hanging their towels, can be a good start. Older children can take on tasks like wiping down the countertop, rinsing the sink, and scrubbing the toilet.

Remember, safety is paramount. Always educate them about the potential hazards of certain cleaning products, making sure they only use those that are non-toxic and safe.

Fun Cleaning Games

Try turning cleaning tasks into games to encourage participation and make it a fun experience. For instance, you could time how long it takes them to complete a task and see if they can beat their own record. Or, you can award points for completed chores, and tally them at the end of the week for a small reward.

Pet-Friendly Bathroom Cleaning Tips

Pets can sometimes cause additional mess in the bathroom, so here are a few pet-friendly cleaning tips. Always use cleaning products that are non-toxic and safe for pets. Some pets can have allergic reactions to strong chemical cleaners.

When cleaning a pet mess, it’s important to thoroughly remove traces of the accident, not just for cleanliness but also to prevent pets from sensing their previous marks and repeating the action in the same spot. Use absorbent paper towels to clean up fluid messes, followed by a non-toxic bathroom cleaner to sanitize the area.

If your pet uses the bathroom for bathing or grooming, remember to clean the tub or shower area afterwards to remove any pet hair and dander that could cause drainage issues.

Bathroom Cleaning Schedule

Creating and adhering to a bathroom cleaning schedule can significantly improve the cleanliness of your bathroom. Not only does this ensure that important tasks are not overlooked, it helps prevent grime and mold from building up over time.

Schedules can be tailored to suit your personal preferences and lifestyle. Daily tasks might include flushing the toilet after use, keeping surfaces dry, and washing hands properly. Weekly tasks could be more extensive, things like mopping the floor, cleaning mirrors, and scrubbing the bathtub or shower.

No matter the schedule, consistency is key. Regular maintenance will always be easier and less time-consuming than occasional deep cleans.

Hiring Professional Bathroom Cleaners

While maintaining a regular cleaning routine can help keep your bathroom in good condition, there may be instances where it is beneficial to consider hiring a professional bathroom cleaning service. Deep cleaning, moving in or out, or having high-end fixtures in your bathroom that require highly specialized care are some of those instances.

Professional bathroom cleaners come equipped with advanced tools and high-grade, commercial cleaning solutions that can effectively handle tough grime, stains, and mineral deposits, which can otherwise compromise the look of your bathroom. They are trained to clean efficiently, focusing on every little detail, including areas generally overlooked in routine cleanups.

Always ensure that the cleaning service you choose is reputable, with positive reviews, and is sufficiently insured for potential damages. Also, be clear about what your expectations are and make sure you understand what the service package includes before starting.

Wrap-up: Key Points

Remember, the key to a clean bathroom is consistency and effective use of cleaning supplies and methods. From daily, weekly to monthly tasks, establish a routine that works best for your schedule. Always consider the health and safety of all household occupants when choosing cleaning products. When necessary, do not hesitate to hire professionals for a deep, thorough cleanup.

Training children to contribute to bathroom cleanliness imparts important life skills and helps maintain cleanliness. If you have pets, ensure that the cleaning methods and products you use are pet-friendly. And finally, maintain a cleaning schedule and stick to it for the best results.


Cleaning the bathroom may not be the most glamorous chore, but its importance cannot be overstated for health, functionality, and overall visual appeal. Armed with the right knowledge, tools, and a positive attitude, it can be made much easier and less time-consuming.

We hope that this guide gives you a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of bathroom cleaning, making it less of a daunting task. Adapt the strategies listed here to fit your personal needs and circumstances and end up with a bathroom that shines!

We invite you to share your personal cleaning hacks, experiences, and if you have found this guide helpful in your own bathroom cleaning journey. Happy cleaning!