Data Storage 101: Everything You Need To Know
June 4, 2020
Computer Data Storage: 100% Effective Tips & Hacks
Written by: Kevin Ashwe
These effective tips and hacks are guaranteed to keep your computer storage efficient, and prevent the loss of your precious data!
With the rise in the number of people using computers in various fields, the generation of digital information is rising continuously. When this information is not stored correctly, it can be lost, and this may lead to severe consequences.
Importance Of Computer Data Storage
When a computer has no storage device, it will not have within its configuration the ability to recall any information or settings, and hence would be a dumb terminal. A computer can be operated without a storage device, but then, it is not connected to another system that is comprised of a storage device; it cannot execute a task. It can only be useful for viewing information and not processing it.
Types Of Computer Storage Devices
Storage devices used in computers are of two major types: A primary storage medium such as the Random Access Memory (RAM)Check Latest Price , and a secondary storage device, such as a Hard DriveCheck Latest Price . One important distinction between primary storage and secondary storage devices is the fact that secondary storage devices can be external, internal, or removable. Also, computers include a nonvolatile ROM (Read Only Memory) that cannot have data written to it.
Examples Of Storage Devices
The main types of storage media in use today include HDDs (hard disk drives)Check Latest Price , solid-state storage, tape, cache memory; magnetic disk and magnetic tape; optical disc, such as Blu-ray disc, CD-RW disc, CD-R, CD-ROM disc, DVD+R, DVD-R, and DVD-RW DVD+RW disc; flash memory and other iterations of cache memory; and in-memory storage. Hard disk drives are frequently used as storage media in enterprise storage systems, servers, and personal computers.
How Is Data Stored In A Computer?
Information is stored in a storage medium with the aid of certain software commands. The Bit is the smallest unit of measurement when dealing with computer memory. It can only have a value of 0 or 1. This is usually determined by the degree of voltage in one capacitor. A Byte consists of eight Bits. Other storage capacities are the Kilobit, Kilobyte, Megabit, Megabyte, Gigabit, Gigabyte, Terabit, Terabyte, etc.
How To Care For Your Storage Devices
Computer data storage media, such as USB drivesCheck Latest Price and removable disksCheck Latest Price , are very important. Majorly they are the chief repository for the information that is used to run businesses and personal projects. When these devices are not properly handled, the consequence can be disastrous. This can lead to an irreversible loss of very useful information. This is exactly the reason why, as a computer user, you should be very careful and diligent as regards to the overall well-being of your personal data storage media.
- Your data storage devices should be kept at a temperature that is not more than the room temperature.
- Do not place hard disks on other devices that are driven by electricity.
- When you are ejecting your hard drive, endeavor that you do it properly.
- Keep out of the reach of children.
- Read and apply the manufacturer’s safety instructions.
7 Tips To Increase Data Storage Efficiency
1. Manage Stagnant Files
There are files that are stuck in your system, which you have not used for years. Start by deleting them. This simple act of deleting files that have very little or no use to you can increase the storage space of your device and consequently increase its storage.
2. Remove Media Files
By making use of very healthy reporting tools to rid your system of unwanted actions, you are also on your way to enjoying an efficient data storage device. There are underlying processes that run in the computer background that can place an upper limit on your storage efficiency. Except when necessary, terminate all running tasks in the background of your computer.
3. Storage Quotas
Partitioning your storage device is one great way of increasing its efficiency and conferring a premium privilege to you. For example, when hard disk drivesCheck Latest Price are partitioned into certain segments, their effectiveness as a storage media can be increased up to two-fold.
4. File Blocking
Another way of increasing the storage efficiency of your device is to block certain useless files from being automatically saved in your system. In our daily surf of the internet, there are frequently unnecessary files stored on our device without our obvious permission. When they accumulate, they can slow down our system unnecessarily. Hence, deleting them is one big way of increasing the efficiency of our storage system.
5. Control Duplicate Files
Another problem of the springs from the action of an inefficient storage device is the duplication of files. This can cause a problem with the storage space and speed of your storage device because instead of a single space unit, double would be required to save a single file. The duplicate rate for some storage devices may be as high as 10 percent. When this is handled effectively, then your system would run smoothly.
6. Scan Your Storage Device Regularly
This is a very common practice in recent times. Sometimes, there are hidden files in our storage device that are not immediately obvious to us. And these files even take up the space that is meant for a more useful file. When you subject your storage device to the rigors of a scanning process using dedicated software, you can trace and delete some of these files. Surprisingly, this simple procedure can increase the efficiency of your storage device greatly.
7. Do Not Place Your Storage Device On Electric-Driven Devices
This is one of your best practices to ensure the health of your storage device. Due to electromagnetic interference, it may not be suitable to place your storage device on devices that are run by electricity. When this is not done, it can impede the performance of your storage device, or at worst, it can cause permanent destruction of it.
Data Storage Security Hacks
To better adapt to the trends technology, it is pertinent that we deal with the growing data security susceptibilities in our storage devices. A lot of experts have recommended the implementation of the following measures as some of the best practices for data security:
Access control hinged on certain roles is a go-to solution when dealing with data storage security issues. There are instances where it becomes appropriate to use cutting-edge technologies like multi-factor authentication. You should make sure that you reset default passwords in any storage device you acquire and instead use a stronger one to ensure that the security of your system is not compromised.
This is another best practice. Ensure the encryption of your data to make it only accessible to authorized persons. You may also like to get a proper encryption key manager to help you safely store these keys and use them when necessary.
Data Loss Prevention
The truth is that you cannot depend on encryption alone as a full data security alternative. Hence, there are high-end solutions that can effectively prevent the loss of your data. These solutions are effective in helping you to stop any cyber-attack.
Strong Network Security
Data storage media are not in a vacuum; they ought to be surrounded by competent network security structures like security gateways, anti-malware protectionCheck Latest Price , firewalls, advanced analytics and possibly intrusion detection systems and solutions based machine learning security schemes. When these measures are taken, they can prevent cyber-attackers from accessing your storage device.
Strong Endpoint Security
In the same vein, there are also vital security measures like a strong endpoint security scheme that you have to take to help your smartphones, PCs, and other devices not to be compromised on their data security. These endpoints are frequently a weak point in your computer’s innate security systems.
Aside from helping you mitigate specific security incidents, redundant storage, consisting of RAID technology, can be of help in assisting you to improve on the performance and availability of your storage device.
Recovery And Backup
Some successful ransomware or malware attacks are hard nuts to crack so that the only way you can recover the data stored in your device after a successful cyber-attack is to restore them from your backups. To be on the safe side, you have to make sure that your backup processes and systems are sufficient in case an event like this springs up. Also, it is very important to ensure that your backup systems consist of similar data security levels as the primary data storage systems that you use.
Data Storage Methods – Effective Ways To Backup Data
There are lots of ways that offer you some of the best solutions for backing up your data. They include:
This solution is convenient, cheap, and relatively small. You can find them everywhere, and they also very portable so you can easily store them and carry them around. When you set out to get one, make sure that you are acquainted with basic information such as the number of write/read cycles that it can take.
External Hard Drive
True to its name, external hard drives are storage media that can function externally so that you can use them outside your PC for the storage and transmission of data. Do not use them as your everyday storage media if you intend to use them for your data backup.
Network Attached Storage
This is relatively new to the scene. Lots of businesses back up their data on storage systems linked to certain networks. It is even more pronounced in recent times as a result of the growing number of people that use PCs. Also, because these systems are becoming relatively common, their prices are coming down so that they can become easily afforded by the average Joe.
This is an excellent data recovery solution. While network linked storage is your Cloud Server, there are tons of storage options in the industry: some of them are paid, some are free, while others are free with paid bonuses. Dropbox, iCloud, OneDrive, and Google Drive some of the big names in the industry, but there are some others that offer similar functions.
Computer Data Storage Recovery Hacks
Contrary to conventional opinion, data recovery is not overly complex. To computer experts out there, it simplifies the process of retrieving corrupted, damaged, or inaccessible data from various storage devices and media that cannot ordinarily be accessed without their help. In many instances, methods used for data recovery serve to extract useful data from failed devices or drives. Hence, we can conclude that data failure is of two types:
1. Physical Damage
Physical damages to storage devices or media themselves cause this type of data failure. They can also be due to inappropriate human handling, natural disasters, or certain breakages.
2. Logical Damage
This type of damage is not the result of a hardware failure. They are anything from data overwritten by mistake, file systems to corrupted partitions.
A lot of users accidentally have their data exposed to the activities of viruses or an unintended deletion of their files. When file loss is the result of unintended file deletion, it is relatively easier to have them retrieved. There are dedicated steps that you can use to retrieve files that are affected files when you are making use of data recovery methods. They include:
1. Hard Disk Drive Repair
This becomes handy when a computer’s access to the information stored in your storage device is the result of a physical cause.
2. Recovery of Data Through Software Solutions
This has become very common in recent times. It makes use of dedicated software that has the capacity to recover your lost data, file system structures, and partitions.
3. File Repair
File retrieval methods are used to recover corrupted files that have not been restored in preceding phases. Most times, this is due to data being written in a bad sector.
Frequently Asked Questions About Computer Data Storage
1) What Is The Data Storage Device?
Like its name implies, a data storage device is used to store various types of information such as pictures, videos, and documents in a permanent manner. Data storage devices include (but are not limited to) hard disk drives, thumb drives and SSDs, and are widely available for purchase both online and offline.
2) How Is Data Stored On Storage Devices?
The location for storage varies from device to device. In computers, binary data is stored mainly on the Hard Disk Drive (HDD). In a flash memory card, however, such information is stored in cells protected by floating gates. And with CD-Rs and DVD-Rs, recording media of any sort is as easy as ABC.
3) What Is The Most Common Device Used For Storing Data?
The most common data storage device used is a hard drive, which is built into nearly all computers. A hard drive is critical to the overall functioning of a computer as it stores the operating system, various files and folders, and applications.
One great thing about this is the fact that you can do data recovery as a typical computer user with the assistance of data recovery software. Of course, there are also guides and how-to instructions on the internet that can serve as a suitable guide in helping you recover files that you hitherto would think they are lost forever! Effective and efficient data storage is one of the most important parts of your work. Having read through, we are convinced that you’ve learned some of the facts that you need to take care of your computer storage units.